Top 5 Front End Programming LanguagesOct 21,2022
What is front-end development? In its essence, it’s the development of the side of the software that the user sees. Whether you are developing an online store or website for a local restaurant, the front end is what ensures an interactive, efficient, and pleasant experience for the users. And the language used for programming plays a crucial role in making this happen.
Choosing a programming language to build the front end of your website is by no means an easy task; on the contrary, it can be quite bewildering. The good news is, we are here to help. We did some research so you don’t have to, and prepared a list of the top 5 front-end programming languages that you can use for your website.
HTML (HyperText Markup Language)
HTML is one of the most extensively used front-end languages, and it’s used to make both mobile applications and websites. HTML is a markup language added when creating the website to ensure its structure and add certain elements. While alone HTML is not enough to build a functioning website, it’s a basic building block of every website without which the browsers wouldn’t be able to properly display the page content. For example, the title of this article in HTML is <H>Top 5 Front End Programming Languages</H>. These tags let the browser know that the indicated text is a title and that it should be displayed as such.
- Supported by multiple browsers;
- Can be integrated with other languages.
- A lot of coding required;
- Can build static websites alone.
CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
Another popular front-end development language and necessary addition to your website, alongside HTML, is CSS.
The main function of CSS is defining how the elements of HTML appear on the display. For example, to alter the font color of this article’s title, CSS would be essential. CSS can be described as one of the main tools that allow you to personalize and customize your website and give it the look and feel that you are looking for. Additionally, it also allows you to embed visuals to the website with your preferred layout, to receive the aesthetics you are aiming at.
- Simplicity and flexibility;
- Supported by different browsers
- Not beginner-friendly,
- Security vulnerabilities.
- Cross-border interoperability;
- High speed;
- Straightforward semantics;
- Extended functionalities.
- Too complex for simple projects;
- Integration complications;
- Debugging issues.
- Works with most back-end setups;
- Allows to split the elements of the page;
- Reusable components;
- Simplified debugging.
- SEO-related difficulties;
- Poor documentations;
- Develops too quickly, hard for developers to catch up with the changes.
AngularJS allows developers to create both highly functional and visually stunning websites, combining looks and functionality. This is one of the sought-after qualities of AngularJS, and the reason why many developers prefer this language for front-end programming. But this is far from being the only benefit of AngularJS.
- Fast prototyping;
- Availability of HTML templates;
- Two-way data binding;
- Large community.
- Hard to learn, not beginner-friendly;
- Slow page rendering because of the complexity.
When it comes to choosing a front-end development language for your program, it’s crucial that you don’t hurry. Take your time to study and consider different options, with all of their pros and cons, especially in regards to your project needs and customer expectations. The languages discussed in this article are some of the widely-used frameworks among front-end developers around the world, and one of them can come in handy for your project as well. Whether it’s HTML for a static website or AngularJS for a more complex one, make sure to experiment before landing on the final decision.